It is just practical for us to know the essential and fundamental preventive tests needed to check for early warning signs of the most common diseases affecting women today. There are several health issues that affect women which needs proper attention through medical tests and screening regardless of age to stay fit and healthy.
Breast Examination through mammogram. Early detection of breast cancer improves probability of survival because the smaller the cancer is when it’s found the better the chance for immediate treatment. The American Cancer Society recommends women beginning at age 40 to have a mammogram screening.
Pap Test for Cervical cancer screening. If you are 21 or older, has had vaginal sex, it is recommended get a routine pap test every 3 years. You may ask your doctor about the vaccines that protects from different strains of HPV or Human papillomavirus.
Bone Density Test through osteoporosis screening. It is recommended for middle-aged women younger than 65 or when you are experiencing symptoms of painful bone fracture that occurred with a minor fall or even just a twist of the body. DXA or Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry can measure bone mineral density and detect osteoporosis before fractures occur.
Glaucoma Screening. Glaucoma is an eye illness in which the optic nerve is injured which can impair vision and may lead to lost of sight if left untreated. Eye examination which includes measuring the pressure inside the eye is advisable. Depending on your age and risk factors, screening every two to four years is recommended.
Colorectal cancer screening or Colonoscopy. Colorectal cancer ranks third for women after lung and breast cancer. Women at age 50, is advised to get screened for colorectal cancer. Most colon cancers develop from colon polyps that are growths on the inner surface of the colon and the way to prevent the spread of the polyps and turn cancerous is to remove these colon polyps.
Additional Reference: medicinenet.com