Joint Infection Signs, Treatment and Prevention Tips

joint infection

There are a few types of elective procedures that patients go through in order to feel more active and comfortable, and hip or knee replacement surgeries are two examples of those procedures. Joint replacement surgery is not something that should be taken lightly, because everything from the surgery to the recovery period is a challenge, but it can have a lasting beneficial impact for patients.

If you speak with most people who have gone through a knee or hip replacement surgery, they will only have good things to say. Most of these patients were in a situation where walking around or performing daily tasks was causing them a lot of discomfort. It was getting to a point where they did not know if they would continue to be able to walk normally. Replacing those joints in the body can give someone a new lease on life – but it does come with risks. And one of the issues that you can face is a joint infection.

Joint Infections

There are a number of different ways that a joint infection can develop when you have gone through hip or knee replacement surgery. Some infections are deep into the body, while others are superficial and replaced to the surgery wounds. And when the infection develops can also vary, with some developing right before you leave the hospital, and others manifesting themselves a few days or weeks later. There are also cases where an unrelated infection in the body can spread to the area where you went through a joint replacement.

Risk Factors

There are a few risk factors that increase the chances of developing a joint infection, such as:

  1. Diabetes
  2. Immune Deficiency
  3. Obesity

If you are experiencing symptoms such as increased stiffness in a joint that normally functions properly, swelling, redness, or a fever, you may want to get checked out at the same hospital where you had your surgery.

Treatment for Joint Infections

If the infection in your body is at a superficial level, treatment is not so complicated. Something like a cocktail of antibiotics or IV antibiotics will do the job. But if the infection is deeper, treatment is a little more challenging. Surgery is an option that no doctor wants to go through with – especially if you just went under the knife – but it can become a necessity.

A debridement procedure, where surgeons remove all of the soft tissues in your body that were impacted by the infection, is a possibility. A six-week course of antibiotics clears things up after the surgery. Another possibility is a staged surgery, which is typically an option if the infection does not occur until a few months or years after the procedure. During a staged surgery, the implant is removed completely, and the area surrounding the joint is washed out.

It can be scary to know that your joint replacement surgery did not go according to plan, and an infection has set in. But the best thing to do is trust your doctor, because they can come up with the best plan to treat the infection before it spreads to other parts of your body.

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What’s Causing Your Back Pain?

Back pain can be debilitating and is one of the most common causes of pain and suffering in people under the age of 45. The lumber spine in the lower back has lots of bones, muscles, and ligaments that all work together along with the joints and nerves. This is what gives your back the flexibility to move and because the system is so complex, it’s easy for something to go wrong. Some of the most common causes of back pain are down to simple muscle pain or inflammation that can cause a serious amount of pain.

back pain

What Should I Do if I Have Back Pain?

The first thing you should do is analyse how painful it is. Think about what type of pain you’re experiencing and if it’s acute or chronic. Some people feel pain and discomfort after playing sports and is usually a normal response to a minor injury. But, if the pain has been causing problems for longer than this, it’s time to consult a medical professional. You can also get some help and pain relief with dublin spine and sports physiotherapy. The goal is to find out what’s causing the pain and then find a solution to give you relief.

The Types of Back Pain:

If you can identify the type of pain that’s causing you a problem, it will be easier for the medical professional to find a cause and subsequent cure. There are two main types of back pain.

The first is a mechanical pain. This comes from the muscles and bones around the spine and tends to cause discomfort around the lower part of your back. Some people experience localised pain in the buttocks and the upper parts of their legs. This gets worst when the person is in motion or attempting to lift a heavy load.

The second is a sharp, burning pain after a nerve has been trapped or caught. This is called radicular pain and is more often than not felt on one side of the body. An example of this is sciatica. Radicular is more difficult to determine the cause compared to mechanical. It may also be more difficult to find long-term relief.

What are the Most Common Causes of Back Pain?

Common causes are from sports injury and inflammation. The first may happen as a result of muscle fatigue or disrupting how the disks, joints, and nerves are functioning. The second may cause swelling after an infection or another underlying issue such as arthritis. Other causes of pain originate from muscle and tendon degeneration in elderly people, a pinched nerve, or after an accident. The type of injury to the spine will determine the type of discomfort or pain that you’re experiencing. Make sure you can describe exactly how it feels and where it originates to help the medical professional give an accurate diagnosis.

The Takeaway Message:

The spine is a complicated structure with lots of small parts working together. This makes it easy for something to go wrong and can cause discomfort and problems in people of all ages. If you do feel pain, carefully write down the symptoms and seek the opinion of a doctor.

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Living With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Around 10% of women of childbearing age suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This is a condition which results in small cysts growing on the ovaries and releasing hormones. Normally, women who suffer from this condition lead a normal life without any visible symptoms. However, there are some women who have some very visible symptoms, such as male-line hair growth and obesity. As well as all these noticeable symptoms, PCOS puts women at a higher risk of suffering from diabetes, ovarian cancer, and endometrial cancer.

polycystic ovary syndrome

Even if you have a bad case of PCOS, there are various ways you can manage the illness with certain lifestyle choices. Most of these are to do with your diet. Interested to find out more? Read on!

Watch Your Insulin Levels

PCOS makes is slightly harder for the body to correctly regulate insulin levels. Insulin is a hormone that controls the amount of sugar in the blood. When the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, the body struggles to control blood sugar levels. This also occurs with women who have PCOS as it makes them more resistant to insulin. One way to prevent this from becoming a problem is by reducing the amount of carbohydrates and refined foods in your diet.

Eat More High-Fibre Foods

As you won’t be eating as many carbohydrates, you will need to eat more protein and vegetables as a source of energy. You can always give your protein levels a boost by using protein powder to make protein shakes. It’s also important to add as many high-fibre foods to your diet as well as these can help to reduce insulin resistance. They do that by slowing down the whole digestive process and stops sugar having too much of an impact on the blood. Some very high-fibre foods include sweet potatoes, beans, and lentils.

Cut Out Refined Carbs

I’ve already mentioned that refined carbohydrates and sugary foods are bad for the body’s insulin levels, and now it’s time to look at that a bit more closely. As well as messing with the blood’s sugar levels, they can also cause inflammation in the body. Most high-carb foods are also very low in fibre and have limited nutritional content. Foods to watch out for are white pasta, white bread, and sugary desserts.

Become Proactive

PCOS responds well to positive lifestyle changes, so it is important that you always try to choose the best option when faced with lifestyle decisions. Lots of women find that being productive when it comes to exercise can really pay off as it can prevent some symptoms. For instance, working out can help with weight loss which is an effective way to control insulin resistance. Some also find that stress-reducing techniques such as Yoga and mindfulness can help combat the stress that often comes from experiencing the symptoms of PCOS.

Hopefully, this blog post has given you plenty of tips that can help you live with PCOS. If you need any further tips, ask your doctor for more information.

 

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Alzheimer’s Disease Early Detection

Alzheimer’s Disease

 

Nearly everyone has heard of Alzheimer’s Disease, but few understand what it is or what they can do about it. When aging relatives start experiencing memory loss and mild behavior change, family members assume it’s a normal part of aging. They could be missing out on the opportunity to slow the progress of a degenerative disease.

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a brain disease that results in memory loss, poor reasoning skills, and behavioral changes. Even though it’s incurable, the progress of the disease can be slowed if caught early.

Dementia and memory loss shouldn’t be ignored. It may be a sign of AD. If you catch it early, you could significantly impact the quality of life as the disease progresses.

 

Benefits of Early Detection

So often, we avoid getting bad news because we’re afraid of how our lives will change. With AD, catching it early will allow you to gather support, discuss treatment to slow memory decline, and create a plan for handling the progress of the disease.

In some cases, medications that slow decline of AD may be effective. Conversely, certain prescriptions may exacerbate AD so a doctor should review prescription lists and determine how to manage comorbid conditions.

Support groups and family counselors can help create plans that address safety concerns while encouraging as much independence as possible. As the disease progresses, family members will likely notice behavior changes and a counselor can help everyone decide how to handle those changes.

Finally, catching AD early allows an individual to make important financial and legal decisions while they still can.

 

Why Alzheimer’s Disease Often Goes Undetected

There’s a prevailing myth that AD is an extreme form of dementia and a normal part of growing old. Few people understand it’s a fatal disease. For this reason, early signs of AD are often ignored or dismissed.

Physicians may have a hard time detecting AD if they haven’t established a baseline for a person’s normal cognitive functioning. Their medical records may not be extensive enough for early Alzheimer’s symptoms to trigger an alert.

 

How to Detect Alzheimer’s in the Early Stages

To recognize changes in cognitive abilities, a physician needs to establish a cognitive baseline. Deterioration in cognitive abilities can be a sign of many illnesses,so establishing a baseline will help detect problems in the early stages.

The Alzheimer’s Association lists 10 symptoms that could indicate AD. Becoming familiar with the symptoms will help you differentiate between the customary decline that happens with age and a brain disease.

New medical research suggests a new artificial intelligence can use MRI to detect AD before symptoms appear.  Previously, MRI could be used to detect tissue loss that accompanies AD. The newer technology allows MRI to detect the functional changes in the brain that occur before tissue loss.

As our understanding of the brain evolves, families will benefit from the ability to detect brain diseases in early stages. For the technology to be effective, doctors and patients need to understand the importance of catching AD early and the possibilities for treatment.

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Why Cancer Needs To Be On Everyone’s Minds

It seems like cancer seems to be the single disease that is talked about most. In part, that’s because it’s not just one disease but a whole range of diverse conditions that threatens the lives of millions of people. In but one year, 8.2 million people died of cancer. There are many reasons that you should think about cancer in real terms. Here, we’re going to look at why you should be thinking about it.

 

doctor

It’s happening to more people

If you want to start talking about cancer on a serious note, then the scope of the problem has to be acknowledged. Recently, the conversation around that scope has been on how it’s widening. Rates of cancer are rising, even taken in the context of the rising population. We are seeing some progress, how, in declining the rates of death. Prevention and treatment are helping us fight certain cancers, like childhood leukemia. Yet the health and resources toll of that fight is still growing. It’s a fight that we don’t have infinite time to win, which is why we should be doing more now.

 

It can happen to anyone

It’s an experience that many survivors and patients will attest to. Even when it affects people around you, cancer can seem like a removed threat. That is until you have a scare of your own. Cancer can strike anyone at any time. That’s why it’s important to not only be aware of the danger but how you spot it. Identifying cancer as soon as possible is one of the most important factors in having better chances of fighting. That’s why it’s important to follow instructions like http://www.cancer.org/cancer/skincancer/galleries/skin-self-exam-images. Certain cancers like skin, breast, and testicular cancer can be examined for and should be, routinely. Similarly, you should be aware of any new lumps or changes in your body and get them checked as soon as you can.

 

We do a lot of harm to ourselves

Being fully aware of the risk of cancer means being fully aware of what we’re doing that can even heighten those risks. It’s important to fully understand the weight of some of your habits and do your best to remove them from your lives. For example, consider the serious risk of lung and throat cancer from smoking. Nicotine therapy and e-cigarettes are making it easier to quit than ever, so you have no excuse. Similarly, even if you don’t consider yourself to have an alcohol problem, frequent drinking can be a problem. Do your best to keep all your indulgences under control if you can’t stop them entirely. You will already be removing some severe risk factors in your life.

 

diet

Another reason to change your diet

Diet is another aspect of living that can have a big effect on your chances of developing cancer. For instance, obesity has long been considered a predictor of cancer. Meanwhile, fresh fruit and vegetables have all kinds of effects that can reduce your chances of different kinds of cancers. Carrots and sprouts can reduce your chance of lung and mouth cancer. Broccoli, spinach, and beans can reduce your chance of stomach and esophageal cancer. Tomatoes and watermelon do the same for prostate cancer. Processed foods, however, increase your chances of obesity. As with all nutrition, your best chances lie in developing a healthier, whole foods diet rather than relying on processed food.

 

Know about the fight against it

It’s important to not just be aware of your own risk of cancer. You should also be aware of the world at a large and how we’re fighting it. For example, keep an ear for about news on developments in new treatments. Many of them, as www.herabiolabs.com/assays-services/in-vivo-solutions/cancer-xenografts/ shows, use live test animals. It’s important to know that test animals are an important factor in fighting for the survival of our own race. That way, we can better inform our opinions on some of the bigger morality questions around modern science. Without that knowledge, we may very well be protesting or voting against the progress that could save us down the line. With cancer, as in all things, progress is vital.

 

Finding out how to deal with it

We shouldn’t just be aware of how it’s treated at large, in research labs and tests, either. We should be aware of how those we care for deal with it. Cancer will affect 1 in 4 people, according to statistics. Which means that we are almost guaranteed to come up against it at some point of our lives. Being more aware of the risks and the treatments can enable us to help our loved ones cope with it. It can also prepare us for what we might experience as we support them. Depression, fatalism, some of the more distressing physical changes can all be anticipated. Allowing us to be of more real assistance to those we care about.

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Getting involved in the cause

Knowing more about cancer means knowing just how much of a threat it is. Knowing that we can and should be doing more to help the fight against it. Even if it’s as simple as giving more to charities. These foundations are always looking for more people to help run, recruit and organize drives, too. Look for the cancer charities in your area and find out how you can do more. If you’re eligible, then sign up for a donor card that you might help a cancer patient get a transplant in the future. If we all do our bit, then the fight against cancer can be resolved all the quicker. So make sure you do yours.

Cancer is a great enemy of humanity. But it’s one that we can fight. We can fight it individually in prevention and treatment. We can help our friends fight it. We can help the world fight it by learning about the efforts being done to cure it and how we can help. It’s an enemy to all of us, so it’s an enemy we should all be facing.

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What Women Need to Know About Hormones and Depression

Have you not been feeling in the best of moods lately? While circumstances differ from person to person, the problem may be connected to your hormones, which is especially true for women who go through menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. In this article, we will discuss a few things you should know about this condition, such as what could cause it and how you can treat it.

 

depression

 

What Are Some Symptoms of Depression?

If you can check at least a few items on this list, then you might be dealing with a form of depression. If so, you may need to make some lifestyle adjustments or see a medical professional for a better diagnosis.

  • Losing interest in or ceasing to enjoy your favorite activities.
  • Getting too much sleep or not enough sleep.
  • Having recurring thoughts about death or suicide.
  • Feeling irrationally guilty or constantly anxious.
  • Losing or gaining a lot of weight in a short period of time.
  • Experiencing a lack of appetite or stress eating.
  • Struggling to concentrate or focus on tasks.
  • Not having enough energy or feeling easily fatigued.

 

What Causes Depression in Women?

Depression, at its very core, is the result of chemical imbalances within the brain. Women are more susceptible to hormones rising and falling due to how their bodies are wired. Some common causes include:

  • Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS): Hormones fluctuate rapidly during each menstrual cycle. While symptoms are usually manageable, some women end up being diagnosed with a more severe condition called premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).
  • Pregnancy: Estrogen tends to drop postpartum, especially in the first six months after childbirth. Low levels of estrogen can also lead to low levels of serotonin, which can cause depression.
  • Menopause: Estrogen and progesterone levels fall greatly during this period of time, which can cause symptoms similar to depression, such as irritation or insomnia.

 

How to Cope with Depression

While there is no treatment that fits every individual, there are a few things you can try in order to get this condition under control.

  • Open up to people you trust.Do not keep all of those complicated feelings in. Turn to your friends and family and let them know what you are going through.
  • Seek therapy and counseling.If the former may not be an option, or if you need additional assistance, therapists will be able to help you figure out some of the possible root causes of your depression. They can also teach you some behavioral therapy techniques to get through each day.
  • Consider medication. Consulting a psychiatrist can help you figure out the right type of medicine for your condition. You might also want to consider having yourself tested for hormonal imbalance. Your doctor might recommend bioidentical hormone replacement therapy to correct your imbalances.

 

Remember: You Are Not Alone

Depression can make women feel isolated, but it is a condition that can be treated with time and patience. If you suffer from any of the symptoms mentioned above, reach out for help now before it worsens. The sooner you treat depression, the better you will feel with each day that goes by.

 

Image credit: Shanon Wise – https://flic.kr/p/7hh5Dc

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