Hand Food and Mouth (HFM) Syndrome At A Glance

Hand foot and mouth disease (HFM) caused by coxsackie virus is a mild yet contagious viral infection common in young children particularly preschoolers but can also occur in adults.

This syndrome is characterized by sores in and around the mouth and rashes or red blisters on the hands and feet.  It can occur at any time of the year but come about mostly during the summer or fall. Rashes produced on the palm of the hands and soles of the feet can look like flat red spots and in some cases are swelled red sores with a small bubble of fluid on top. It can also appear on the legs and buttocks.  The sores and rashes may be painful and itchy upon onset.

 hand foot and mouth

 

HFM is self-limiting which is usually mild and over within a week after being exposed to the virus.  It breaks out and spreads through coughing and sneezing, feces and by touching objects which the infected person gets holds of.

Symptoms

Fever, headache and other flu-like symptoms like muscle aches

Sore throat, painful swallowing, and cough

After a day or two the sores or rashes will appear on the hands, feet, in and around the mouth area.

Treatment

Depending on the severity and just as long as it is not accompanied by other illness like meningitis or tonsillopharyngitis, HFM typically does not need treatment.

Home health care is advised, the physician will prescribe medicines to relieve pain and fever.

From its initial onset until 3-5 days is the stage where it is most infectious, so do not let your other children mingle with your infected child nor share toys during the incubation period.

Offer plenty of water to help with sore throat. However, refrain from giving your child spicy foods or acidic drinks as these can make mouth sores more painful.

Dab on a bit of prescribed ointment or lotion to blisters to prevent infection.

Hand foot and mouth disease resolves within several days and the infected person recovers completely.

Prevent the Spread

There is no vaccine yet to prevent HFM so hand washing is the best protection. Have the patient rest and home confined for a week or until he fully recovers. Always disinfect door knobs, toys and other objects and surfaces which he grasps, hold or touch.

Selfcare guide: ways to relieve back pain

If you experience back pain regularly, you may have had ailments that lead to walking difficulties, problems sitting comfortably and sleeping restfully too. Thankfully, you can turn to the power of selfcare to help ease your back pain. Through searches online, you’ll of course find lots of helpful options, from exercises with a tennis ball and acupuncture to a sports massage. Here’s our top three ways to promptly take action and deal with backaches.

ways to relieve back pain
Image by mohamed_hassan on Pixabay

Hot baths can work wonders for tight muscles in the back

The NHS recommends heat as one of its top tips for Image by typographyimages on Pixabay. Heat packs are good, but hot baths are better for relieving arthritic pain or other musculoskeletal disorders that affect the back. The buoyancy of the water will help release pressure and strain on the joints, according to EverydayHealth.

The heat of the bath will also ease any tight muscles in your body, including your back. Plus, heat is intrinsically relaxing; you probably haven’t done much of that since your back pain started. The hot bath encourages circulation and, according to PainScience.com, wins out over heat packs because hot baths can increase the temperature of the muscle itself by deep heating.

You can turn your hot bath treatment into a real treat with some bath bombs and scented candles. After all, your back hurts — you deserve to be pampered.

Try gentle exercise to build strength in the back

It’s probably the last thing on your mind when you have back pain. Chances are, you want to lie down and not move until the pain subsides. But EverydayHealth and the NHS both agree that gentle exercise is far more beneficial for back pain. In fact, too much rest can make some types of back pain worse.

You don’t need to reach for the sweatbands, though. Just a slow, gentle walk can help, or a few stretches. If you feel up to it, yoga can be great for chronic lower back pain – a review in the Clinical Journal of Pain revealed strong evidence of this. Yoga builds strength and reduces tightness in the muscles, both of which can help with back pain.

Try and do a little bit of movement, even if it hurts a little. Obviously, if the pain gets worse, or it is bad enough to prevent your movement, seek medical attention.

Reduce initial swelling in the back with anti-inflammatories

It might seem obvious, but usually the simple solutions are the best! Taking a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory can help reduce back pain, says the NHS. Paracetamol, however, isn’t recommended to treat back pain on its own. If you can, try taking ibuprofen instead, as it is an anti-inflammatory, where paracetamol is not.

An alternative to ibuprofen would be a pain relief gel. Gels can be a great option for people who hate swallowing pills, or if you’re looking for more targeted action against backache. These pain relief gels can help alleviate discomfort and swelling in the muscles, making them a top choice for dealing with back pain.

Be sure not to use diclofenac-based gels alongside ibuprofen. It’s important to always read the label of any medication you take and seek your GP’s advice if you’re unsure about anything. If the pain in your back doesn’t improve, or gets worse, see your GP.

Sources:

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/back-pain/treatment/

https://www.everydayhealth.com/back-pain-pictures/ways-to-ease-back-pain.aspx

https://mayoclinichealthsystem.org/hometown-health/speaking-of-health/6-tips-for-managing-back-pain

https://www.webmd.com/back-pain/features/manage-low-back-pain-home#1

https://www.spineuniverse.com/treatments/alternative/unusual-treatments-back-pain

https://www.painscience.com/articles/bathing.php

https://www.londondoctorsclinic.co.uk/about/blog/2016/october/24/ibuprofen-vs-paracetamol/

 

 

 

When should I use an emergency dentist?

Our teeth are such a vital, everyday part of our lives and bodies that we often take them for granted. However, when things go wrong, be it in the form of infections, broken or lost teeth, or abscesses forming, we can find ourselves suddenly needing access to a dentist. Any dentist accredited with the General Dentistry Council can serve as an emergency dentist, but if you are concerned with a severe problem it can be best to take the time to search for the best specialist for the job.

emergency dentist

How do dental emergencies happen?

Dental emergencies can have a variety of causes. Tooth loss or broken teeth can be caused by falls or injuries during physical activity, most especially during contact sports such as boxing, rugby and hockey.

Failing to brush your teeth twice every day can lead to a dangerous build-up of plaque and bacteria, which coat the teeth, and other bacteria which can lead to inflamed gums and infection. If this is combined with an unhealthy high sugar lifestyle it is possible for an abscess to form, leading to the need to remove the tooth.

Bacteria build-up can also contribute to spreading ulceration and developing bleeding gums when you brush your teeth. If your gums bleed when you clean your teeth it is possible you are brushing too fiercely, although it is more likely that the gums have become inflamed and unhealthy due to poor oral health. If you find you have bleeding gums which persist it can be wise to discuss it with your dentist, even if you do not think it is an emergency.

How do I find an emergency dentist?

If you see any of these warning signs, it is worth getting in touch with your dentist or, if your problem is severe, looking for a specialist clinic. Clinics are equipped to deal with rapidly developing dental problems can be found across the country. If you live in the capital and need an emergency dentist in London, there are many award-winning surgeries such as Ten Dental offering their expertise. These specialist clinics can sometimes be referred to by other dentists in the local area who know that they offer these and other specialisms. Whatever the best clinic is for you, if there is an emergency you should get in touch with your dentist as soon as possible.

Emergency dentists will analyse each case individually on its own merits. In the case of broken or lost teeth a composite filling may be an option, or alternatively an artificial tooth can be placed in the space left behind, so that no one will notice the tooth is missing. In the case of an infection taking hold it may be necessary for the dentist to perform a root canal treatment to ensure the problem is dealt with. You will only go to the emergency dentist’s when something has gone wrong, but wherever you go you can rest assured they will give their all to fixing the problem.

One way to avoid letting these issues build up until you need to go to an emergency dentist is to make sure you have regular appointments with your dentist. Normally taking place every six months, you can regularly bring up any concerns you have experienced with your dentist .This will also help to identify any potential long-term problems before they become troublesome, and lower the chance you will need an emergency dentist any time soon.

 

Image source: pixabay

How to keep your immune system as high as possible in the winter

We can all notice a change in our mood during the winter months. With a shorter amount of daylight hours, colder and dull weather, it’s really not the best combination. However, it’s more than just our mood that needs a boost during the winter months. This period can cause issues for our immune system too, making us more likely to get ill. But, what exactly can we do to boost our immunities and keep our systems as high as possible?

 immune system

Here, with vegetable seeds suppliers, Suttons, we take a look at what your immune system is and what are the top ways to make sure you stay fighting fit.

What is your immune system?

The immune system is what it says – a system. It’s not one single entity that you can pinpoint. It’s a network of cells, organs and tissues that work in unison to protect you. This ‘barrier’ helps destroy germs and parasites by trying to get rid of any unfamiliar bodies. If your immune system is healthy, then your body can fight off any harmful bacteria.

Immunisations

Over the winter months, you may be required to have several immunisations in order to give yourself a good chance of remaining fit and healthy. For those who are most at risk during the winter months, such as the elderly, you will be entitled to free flu jabs. Some workforces also offer this service to their staff to try to restrict sick days. If you don’t fall into either of those categories, you can still pay for the immunisation at selected pharmacies. While the NHS recommends that you get your flu jab in October or November, you can still have the injection at any point of the winter.  

Diet

It’s essential to eat enough fruit and vegetables. Your immune system is like any fighting force and needs good nourishment to perform well. You should stock your daily diets full of foods enriched in vitamins to give yourself the necessary requirements throughout the year, not just in winter.

Certain micronutrient deficiencies, including zinc, folic acid and iron, have been found to alter our immune systems. Therefore, you must make sure you’re doing your upmost to eat foods rich in these nutrients. Items you should be adding to your shopping basket over the coming months include citrus fruits, red bell peppers, broccoli, spinach, poultry and sunflower seeds. Each are packed full of nutrients to help keep your immune system in good condition.

Vitamin supplements

Health supplements are great way to give your body a boost if you can’t get enough vitamins into your diet through your food intake. There are many vitamins in tablet and liquid form that can help you maintain a healthy and balanced diet.

It’s sometimes hard in winter to get the required levels of vitamin D through just your diet. Temperatures and a lack of sunshine mean that we don’t receive our natural dosage of the vitamin via the sun’s rays and need to receive our intake elsewhere.  Vitamin C is one of the biggest immune system boosters available to us. If you don’t receive enough of this vitamin form in your diet — kale and oranges are two nutrient-rich foods — be sure to take a supplement to help keep your levels high. After all, if you lack in this vitamin, you’ll be more prone to getting sick.

You must not that supplements should not be used constantly as a replacement to actual food. It’s much more beneficial for your body if you get these nutrients through a food source as it’s easier to absorb.

Exercise

Exercise may not be high on your to-do list when you look at the dull, dark and cold skies. You may feel more inclined to curl up in front of the fire, but this isn’t necessarily the best option. Exercising can help reduce your chances of getting a cold, flu or other illness as it can help flush bacteria from your lungs and airways. The change in body temperature can also play a part in preventing an illness. This is because the rise during and straight after exercise can prevent bacteria from growing and ultimately fight any infection in a similar way it would if you had a fever.  

Relax

While it’s of course easier said than done at times, you must make sure you’re relaxed if you want to stay in peak health. This can include monitoring your stress levels. This is an area in which scientists are actively working to discover the exact link as it can be difficult to pin down exactly what a stressful situation means to a certain individual. However, stress has been found to have a strain on your immune system as well as your personal or work life.

While you should always look to cut any stressful situations wherever possible, you must also ensure you get enough sleep. Without this, you will find yourself being run down, leaving your body susceptible to catching the common cold. During sleep, your immune system releases cytokines proteins. Some of these proteins can aid your sleep, while others can fight off infections and inflammation, meaning it’s crucial to get a good sleep if you are to properly protect your body. It’s recommended that you aim for between seven and nine hours sleep each night.

Keep yourself right this winter. It can be a long slog before we reach the bright summer nights once again, but by keeping your immune system working, you won’t feel worse due to illness.

 

Sources

https://intermountainhealthcare.org/blogs/topics/heart/2013/01/getting-vitamin-d-during-the-dead-of-winter/

https://health.clevelandclinic.org/3-vitamins-best-boosting-immunity/

http://whoami.sciencemuseum.org.uk/whoami/findoutmore/yourbody/whatdoesyourimmunesystemdo

https://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/how-to-boost-your-immune-system

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/insomnia/expert-answers/lack-of-sleep/faq-20057757

https://www.healthline.com/health/food-nutrition/foods-that-boost-the-immune-system#sunflower-seeds

Image credits: pexels.com

 

 

Amazing CBD Oil Benefits For Skin And Overall Health

Our skin is the largest organ of the body and the first thing that people see.

If you have ever struggled with a skin condition (if you haven’t, lucky you), you will know how they can affect your mood and mental health significantly.

You may have tried every product under the sun and still be left in despair.

Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is the product of the moment.

It is being celebrated and praised as a revolutionary product in the health and beauty world.

This is largely due to the fact that the CBD oil benefits for skin don’t stop at surface level. CBD oil has been found to help with anything from physical chronic pain and the side effects of cancer to mental disorders like depression and anxiety.

So why not give it a try?

What does CBD Oil do?

All humans have what is called an endocannabinoid system as part of our biological make-up. This system is in charge of keeping our body’s internal balance as close as it can to homeostasis – internal balance.

This system is made up of, believe it or not, endocannabinoids and their receptors. Similar to the endorphins that exercise results in, using CBD oil is one way to give our endocannabinoid system a boost.

So, if you are wanting to start looking after your general wellbeing, both physically and mentally, it will most likely work for you.

Hang on, is it legal and will I get high?

The first thing you probably think when you hear about ‘cannabidiol oil’ is, isn’t it illegal? The answer is no. Natural hemp-based CBD oil is completely legal and doesn’t contain the psychoactive ingredient THC. It is therefore perfectly safe! You can reap all its amazing benefits without any worry of feeling unwanted psychoactive effects.

If you are still worried about purchasing CBD oil, make sure you are getting it from a reputable source. Natural Hemp Co. specialise in providing high quality, premium CBD oil. They have a range of CBD products so you can incorporate the oil into your lifestyle however you feel best. You have no nasties to worry about when using their CBD oil as their products are all organic, additive-free and vegan! Natural Hemp Co. even have a full CBD oil guide available… if there are any worries you still might have, it’s definitely worth a read.

So now you have no excuse to miss out!

CBD oil benefits for skin…

We could spend all day talking through the CBD oil benefits for overall health, simply because there are SO many. So for now, we’re going to focus on the CBD oil benefits for skin conditions, ranging from helping with acne to wrinkles.

In general, there are so many amazing CBD oil benefits for skin because it is an anti-inflammatory. Anyone who has suffered from teenage and/or adult acne will know how inflamed and red spots can get. CBD oil targets inflammation and just generally tells your skin to calm down. However, it doesn’t stop there.

As well as targeting your acne on a superficial level by reducing redness and swelling, CBD oil prevents excessive overproduction of sebum, which is a natural oil secreted by our skin. Sebum is necessary to keep our skin balanced and to stop it from drying out, but when your skin is producing too much, it can really wreak havoc.

The effectiveness of the acne-based CBD oil benefits for skin are perhaps not as researched as other products due to it being a relatively new ingredient in the beauty world. But this doesn’t mean it’s not true. Whether you are someone who gets a few pesky blemishes around their time of the month or you suffer from severe acne and have tried every product you can get your hands on… CBD oil should be your next purchase.

Moving on from acne, another of the CBD oil benefits for skin is related to ageing. We would advise trying a CBD oil anti-ageing cream or using CBD oil drops to help prevent or reduce wrinkles. As well having anti-inflammatory properties, CBD oil is an antioxidant which can help with wrinkles, skin tone and skin dullness. Even if you aren’t yet at the stage where your skin has started to age, it is worth using antioxidants as part of your lifestyle for prevention.

The last but not least of the CBD oil benefits for skin worth drawing attention to is that it can soothe sensitive skin. If your skin reacts badly to certain triggers, such as colder weather or hormones, CBD oil can help with keeping reactions at bay. It has been said that CBD oil can even help to prevent the symptoms of psoriasis and eczema.

Now we’ve cleared up any worries and highlighted the range of fabulous CBD oil benefits for skin, what are you waiting for?

 

Image credits:

Image 1

 

Drug addiction myths busted

All too often, people struggle unnecessarily with drug addiction because of the dangerous myths perpetuated by our society. Knowing what drug addiction really means can help you or someone you care about take the first step towards recovery.

 drug addiction

Here we break down some of the myths surrounding drug addiction:

Myth #1: substance abuse is a choice

This is a very harmful myth concerning drug addiction, but it is also one of the most widely believed. Despite studies having proven that addiction is a complex disease of the brain and body, some people still believe that substance abuse is a choice. Undoubtedly, the first time an individual takes a drug, that is a choice. However, once the brain is changed by addiction, it can be seen that that person loses control of their choices – their willpower becomes quickly impaired. The most telling sign of addiction is when a person can no longer exercise this control.

Myth #2: addiction is something to be ashamed of

This myth is linked to the misconception that addiction is a choice. By implying that someone dealing with substance abuse has a lack of willpower or self-control, this adds a level of shame to the addict’s actions. Often addicts are unwilling to admit their problem because they are ashamed of it and this can seriously impair recovery. However, it can be seen that this trend is shifting within the millennial generation. Whereas former generations attended anonymous AA programmes, fearful about ever admitting their addiction, millennials are more focused on building a community of support and sharing their experiences.

Myth #3: addiction is bred out of certain circumstantial factors

Many people still associate substance abuse and addiction with circumstantial factors. These factors are usually tied to other social stigmas which are looked upon negatively, such as low socioeconomic status/background, an unstable family life, or a history of mental illness. Addiction does not discriminate. A lot of people raised in stable, happy, and privileged homes are still susceptible to substance abuse problems. There is no cause and effect link.

Myth #4: dependence is the same as addiction

As much as the lines may be blurred, there still exists a definite difference between being dependent on a substance and being addicted to it. Essentially, it depends on the emotional and social symptoms which are triggered when someone is craving a substance or experiencing withdrawal. To distinguish between addiction and dependency, consider the lengths to which a person is willing to go to get the substance and the way they react without it.

Myth #5: recovery is a lonely process

Whilst it is true that you cannot enable an addict’s behaviour or try and make the changes for them, it is also true that a strong support system is highly beneficial to the recovery process. This may take the form of an addiction rehab facility. If you’re looking for drug and alcohol rehab in Surrey, try a drug and alcohol rehab in Surrey for a supportive and comprehensive recovery programme.