Hand Food and Mouth (HFM) Syndrome At A Glance

Hand foot and mouth disease (HFM) caused by coxsackie virus is a mild yet contagious viral infection common in young children particularly preschoolers but can also occur in adults.

This syndrome is characterized by sores in and around the mouth and rashes or red blisters on the hands and feet.  It can occur at any time of the year but come about mostly during the summer or fall. Rashes produced on the palm of the hands and soles of the feet can look like flat red spots and in some cases are swelled red sores with a small bubble of fluid on top. It can also appear on the legs and buttocks.  The sores and rashes may be painful and itchy upon onset.

 hand foot and mouth

 

HFM is self-limiting which is usually mild and over within a week after being exposed to the virus.  It breaks out and spreads through coughing and sneezing, feces and by touching objects which the infected person gets holds of.

Symptoms

Fever, headache and other flu-like symptoms like muscle aches

Sore throat, painful swallowing, and cough

After a day or two the sores or rashes will appear on the hands, feet, in and around the mouth area.

Treatment

Depending on the severity and just as long as it is not accompanied by other illness like meningitis or tonsillopharyngitis, HFM typically does not need treatment.

Home health care is advised, the physician will prescribe medicines to relieve pain and fever.

From its initial onset until 3-5 days is the stage where it is most infectious, so do not let your other children mingle with your infected child nor share toys during the incubation period.

Offer plenty of water to help with sore throat. However, refrain from giving your child spicy foods or acidic drinks as these can make mouth sores more painful.

Dab on a bit of prescribed ointment or lotion to blisters to prevent infection.

Hand foot and mouth disease resolves within several days and the infected person recovers completely.

Prevent the Spread

There is no vaccine yet to prevent HFM so hand washing is the best protection. Have the patient rest and home confined for a week or until he fully recovers. Always disinfect door knobs, toys and other objects and surfaces which he grasps, hold or touch.

Stress-buster: 7 Ways to Manage Stress

Career, work related demands and family responsibilities are the most common causes of stress. Stressful situations cannot be totally avoided but can be controlled and handled well through proper management.

 manage stress

Stress can drain and weaken your energy which can make you irritable and unproductive. It can make you feel and look older than your actual age. It also causes different illnesses such as heart problems, headaches, high blood pressure and other medical conditions.

To manage stress is to learn how to deal with it. Here are helpful ways on how to manage stress.

  1. A positive disposition will greatly help, learn how to prioritize your activities, take in charge of your thoughts and emotions. Smile and appreciate the beautiful things around you.
  2. Take a moment to do some meditation on your free time.
  3. Regular exercise has proven to be especially effective in combating physical effects of stress.
  4. Give your body enough nutritional support to stay strong and resistant. Adopt a healthy lifestyle. Joining in drinking sprees is not a solution but will only worsen the situation.
  5. When the mind is tense, the body is also stressed, relaxation techniques like listening to music, watching a good movie or a good body massage can increase blood flow and can make the mind and body lighten up and unwind.
  6. Health experts recommend the The Four A’s in dealing with stressful situations.Change the situation:Avoid the stressorAlter the stressor.

    Change your reaction:

    Adapt to the stressor

    Accept the stressor

  7. When you’re tired it may cause you to think illogically. Fuel your mind and relax your body by getting enough sleep.

Do not allow stress affect every facet of your life; get rid of the silent killer.

 

5 Tips to Taking Care of Your Body this Summer

summer

Summer is a great time to spend your time outdoors. It is the time to bask in the sun and have lots of fun. However, without taking care of yourself in the summer heat, you might experience some serious consequences. Proper preparation for lots of fun in summer ensures it doesn’t leave you sick or dehydrated.

Make the most of your summer, keeping your mind and body healthy during the season and even afterwards. Here are five tips to help you take care of your body this summer:

Top 5 Tips to Caring for Your Body this Summer

  1. Wear Sunscreen Protection

Even though you want to tan your skin this summer, don’t leave it unprotected. The sun’s UV rays are harsh on the skin and can cause various skin conditions and disorders. Use sunscreen to protect your skin from getting burned or darkening when exposed to the sun. It also offers protection from brown spots, skin cancer and wrinkles.

Use sunscreen with at least 45 SPF to protect your skin from the harmful UVB rays. Sunscreen with high SPF value can protect your skin from up to 98% of sun rays hitting your skin. Make sure you apply sunscreen before going out in the sun and even when staying indoors. Also wear clothes with long sleeves and hats for further protection from the sun.

  1. Exercise

Take advantage of the summer weather to work out and shed off excess calories you gained in the previous seasons. Go for jogs in the morning and evenings when the sun isn’t too hot to get back in shape. Also consider swimming at least once a week to shed off even more weight all over your body. Don’t forget to keep your body hydrated.

  1. Keep Your Body Hydrated

With lots of activities and things to do in summer, you’re bound to sweat more, leading to loss of water in the body. Drink at least two liters of water every day to keep your body hydrated in the summer heat.

  1. Eat a Healthy Diet

Watch what you eat this summer. With lots of food to choose from and eat, you might end up eating more than your body actually needs. Find a healthy diet to follow this summer so you only eat what your body needs. Eat only when hungry and consider healthy snacks to munch in between meals throughout the day even when on the move.

Snack on fruits such as celery, strawberries, watermelon, apples, etc. Avoid foods rich in processed, unhealthy fats such as junks. Don’t forget to carry a bottle of clean water with you wherever you go to keep your body hydrated.

  1. Stay Out of the Sun

Whether you’re going out on a picnic, to tan your skin in the sun, hiking or just swimming, don’t stay out in the sun for too long. If possible, stay indoors to avoid the harsh sun rays. However, if you must go out, wear sunscreen, protective clothing that covers your skin and avoid the midday sun.

Despite what you’ve planned to do or engage in this summer, don’t forget to make early preparations and plan how you intend to protect you skin from the hot sun. When all is said and done, you won’t just have lots of fun with your friends and family, or even alone, but also avoid any likely effects of staying out in the direct sun.

Visit HipsandBum.com to find out more information on how you can take care of your body this summer.

How DVT can Impact Your Life

Blausen 0290 DeepVeinThrombosis.png

Deep vein thrombosis, also known as DVT, is a serious condition that may be potentially life threatening that can occur in the arm, leg or even the pulmonary region. If you suspect there is a chance you have DVT, you might feel a change in your limb such as swelling, tightness, pain or tenderness and even a throbbing cramp.

Your blood is meant to flow, but if you become inactive, the blood becomes sluggish and there is risk of a blood clot forming. There are many reasons why a blood clot may form; immobility for lengthy periods like a long period of travel, an airplane flight, and surgery, hospitalization or recurring inactiveness due to obesity. Many travelers wear knee-length compression stockings as a precaution against leg swelling, which can be associated with deep vein thrombosis.

The human body is designed to regularly form microscopic clots and in normal conditions, they are generally broken down by the body. If the body’s natural equilibrium is disturbed by any one or a combination of the above situations, there is chance of chronic DVT. By itself the condition need not be dangerous, but if a piece of the clot breaks off and travels to the heart blocking one of the pulmonary arteries, then it can be life threatening. Should you encounter any of the below warning signs or symptoms, please contact your doctor immediately

Warning signs of DVT might be:

  • Feeling lightheaded, dizzy or fainting
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain or discomfort that worsens when taking a deep breath
  • Warmth in the limb

Actual symptoms can include:

  • Redness and itching
  • Rash
  • Leg pain
  • Numbness
  • Ulceration of the skin
  • Shortness of breath

Diagnostic systems to determine if you have DVT

  • Ultrasound – the clot may appear as an image.
  • Venography – an x-ray can determine if a clot is present when a dye is injected.
  • Blood test – most DVT patients have an elevated reading of D dimer, a chemical present in the blood when a clot is dissolving.
  • CT or MRI Scans may pick up the image of the clot.

If you have been diagnosed with DVT, the first priority is to prevent the clot getting bigger, breaking loose and also to avoid further clots from forming. Administering blood thinners is the most common form of medication prescribed. Initial treatment can be by an intravenous anticoagulant or alternatively others, which are injected under the skin for a few days, and then oral blood thinners might be introduced. Another choice is to start ‘clot busters’ or thrombolytic medication, which will help dissolve the clot quicker.

Each year there are newer and better treatments for all types of conditions and DVT is no exception. If you are unable to take oral blood thinner medications, a vena cava filter can be inserted into a large vein in the abdomen to prevent the clot from becoming dislodged and traveling to the lungs. With severe cases there is a newly developed, unique, minimally invasive, endovascular system that uses ultrasonic waves via an innovated catheter to assist in dissolving the whole clot.

 

Image By BruceBlaus. When using this image in external sources it can be cited as:
Blausen.com staff (2014). “Medical gallery of Blausen Medical 2014“. WikiJournal of Medicine 1 (2). DOI:10.15347/wjm/2014.010. ISSN 2002-4436. – Own work, CC BY 3.0, Link

5 Tips to Take Care of Your Health

Your body is a temple that you must take care of. You simply cannot leave your health to chance because you will be the only one to suffer in case things go south.

Taking care of your health is not as daunting a task as you think it is. You just need to do the basic minimum, and occasionally go the extra mile, to ensure that you are always physically and mentally fit to go after your goals and dreams. Secure your future while enjoying the present.

Start by following these five tips religiously.

  1. Do NOT Skip Sleep:

It seems easier to forego some hours of sleep and finish off pending work, but this habit will harm you in the long run. You need to get an average of 7-8 hours of sleep every night if you want to be fit and healthy the next day. Sleeping patterns and needs do differ among individuals, but the negative effects of chronic sleep deprivation are the same. You will be in a crabby mood all day and unable to focus on work. Moreover, your memory, immunity and libido, will also take a hit unless you get enough sleep. Sleep deprivation is also known to cause weight gain and depression.

Make it a point to sleep according to your schedule no matter what.

health

  1. Hydrate Yourself:

The importance of being hydrated cannot be stressed enough. You will be surprised to know that even mild dehydration can bring down your energy level drastically. You might think that skipping that extra glass of water in the morning will have no effect on your body, but you would be wrong. Dehydration can also affect your mood adversely apart from making you feel tired. The amount of water your body needs depends on your physical activity and weight, but an average person needs 2-3 liters of water each day. Start increasing your water intake and you will surely notice a difference.

  1. Provide Your Body with the Correct Nutrients:

Your body needs fuel, and it is your duty to provide that through the food you have. Unless your body gets proper nutrition, you will find yourself suffering from deficiencies that can escalate to more serious diseases. Start by cutting down on the junk food and sugar. Having fruits and vegetables when you are hungry instead of resorting to unhealthy food will have a positive effect on all parts of your body. A balanced diet must have all the main nutrients in equal proportions to work its magic.

  1. Exercise Regularly:

There is no reason why you should not exercise if you are thin. Everyone needs to exercise in order to remain fit irrespective of their weight.  Exercise can improve your cardiovascular health and reduce the risk of depression. It releases brain chemicals called oxytocin that will make you feel happier and more energetic. Exercising does not necessarily mean hitting the gym. Start small and then increase the intensity.

  1. Regular Check-ups:

Schedule monthly check-up appointments with your doctors from beforehand so that you can detect any problem that arises at the root.

Do not compromise when it comes to your health. If you want to know more about how to keep healthy, take a look at https://www.resetiv.com/

HIV and Food: Can Food Help Your HIV Symptoms?

HIV and FoodHIV weakens your immune system. Since our body uses up nutrients to keep our defenses up to the task of working against germs, it’s important to stack our diet with nutritious foods to help fight off infections. A healthy diet also helps to boost your energy levels, protect you from other diseases, and ease the complications brought by HIV and its treatments.

There’s no specific diet that you should follow if you have HIV, but it helps to have a nutritious and healthy diet in general, to fight the infection and its symptoms.

Do I Need a Special Diet for HIV?

You don’t need a specific dietary plan or a particular group of food to boost your immune system and fight against HIV. There are ways, however, to help you boost your immunity system.

  • If you have HIV, your immune system will be working very hard to fight off infections, which uses up a lot of your energy (measured in calories). For some, it could mean that you have to eat more food than you were used to before.
  • If you have an advanced HIV disease or you are underweight, you should introduce more protein and calories (in the form of carbohydrates and fats) to your diet.

How to Stop Losing Weight Because of HIV

Weight loss is a common problem among people with advanced stages of HIV infection. Losing weight because of HIV should not be ignored as it can be extremely dangerous to your health. If you keep losing weight, it will be harder for your body to fight off infections, leaving you more vulnerable to other diseases.

People with advanced stages of HIV lose their weight because:

  • They are not eating well enough. People with HIV have reduced appetites because the infection can make food taste bad and it prevents the body from absorbing the food properly. Some HIV medications can also cause this problem. If this is happening to you, talk to your doctor or specialist so they can find you an alternative medicine that doesn’t have these side effects.
  • HIV symptoms like nausea, sore mouth, and vomiting make it difficult for infected people to eat.

To help you stop losing weight when you have HIV, be sure to load your diet with protein-rich foods and calories such as beans, butter, cream cheese, fruits, and vegetables.

Foods That Can Help Ease HIV Symptoms

Most symptoms of HIV, as well as the complications caused by the medications, can be prevented if you avoid certain types of food and drinks.

Below are some dietary tips to help you deal with common problems associated with HIV.

1. Nausea

  • Try ginger tea, ginger ale, or ginger snaps.
  • Avoid drinking any beverages while eating your meals.
  • Eat something like crackers before getting out of bed in the morning.
  • Keep a small snack with you for you to eat every one to two hours.

2. Mouth and swallowing problems

  • Avoid eating hard or crunchy foods such as raw vegetables.
  • Eat cooked vegetables and fruits such as bananas and pears.
  • Eat soft foods such as mashed potatoes, oatmeal, and yogurt.
  • You may also consider canned fruits, cheese, and scrambled eggs.
  • Avoid eating grapefruits, oranges, tomatoes, or any food that has a lot acid, as it can sting your mouth.

3. Diarrhea

  • Be sure to stay hydrated with water at all times and avoid beverages that have caffeine.
  • Avoid drinking sodas and other sweetened beverages if possible.
  • Avoid eating spicy foods.
  • Avoid drinking milk and other dairy products.
  • Keep a small snack with you for you to eat every one to two hours.

Remember that there is no “right” food that can help you fight against HIV. What you need to do is to ensure that you eat well every day. Begin with changing your daily diet into a nutritious one that contains the right amount of nutrients you need to fight off HIV infections. Work with your doctor or specialist after HIV testing, to create a dietary plan that suits your needs.

 

Angela Hall

Angie is a health enthusiast who specialises in spreading STD education across the country and shares them to peers and readers that might be interested. She enjoys what she does and loves to travel to different areas. She loves to write for websites and is a family girl at heart.